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4 Aspects of the English Language That Confuse New Speakers

English is quite an interesting language.  Sure, it may have Germanic roots but it has adopted many cognates taken from many Romance languages too.  Still, as complex as that might sound, English is actually one of the most commonly spoken languages in the world. As a matter of fact, English is the most commonly spoken second language in the world.

Perhaps more interesting: more people around the world speak English as a second language than who speak it natively!  Just how many more?  It is a ratio of 500 to 360 (and that is in the millions)!

And that makes English uniquely suited to be the unified language of international business.

But as popular and commonly-spoken as Institut Linguistique English may be, it is still not the easiest language for everyone to learn.  While some Asian languages, in particularly, can be more complicated, English has a few odd rules that really stand out to someone who is quite new to the tongue.

GRAMMAR

Grammar is among the hardest aspects to learn for new English speakers.  English grammar is actually pretty complex.  Between the various dialects and the many international derivatives you could find in the English language, the grammar rules are not quite so easy to grasp.

VOCABULARY

After grammar, new English speakers tend to have a hard time with vocabulary. This actually makes quite a bit of sense, as English words can seem counterintuitive to the non-native speaker.  Verb conjugations, in English, sometimes seem unnatural but the many ways that English speakers use language—and words, in particular—combined with mixed tense, slang, cognates, and word mutations make it the biggest lexicon in the world.

SLANG

English is rife with slangs and colloquialism that, while typically frowned upon in formal speaking, are quite common in the every day vernacular. Unfortunately, this aspect of the language varies greatly between all of the various native English speaking countries in the world.  Variations in the language, indeed, contributes to the complexity of the English language.

PRONUNCIATION

And because English is spoken in so many countries, not only are the words different, but so are the ways that you can say each word.  In addition, the English language has some weird tricks—like the silent “k” of “knight” and “know,” for example—as well as the confusing discrepancy between “cough” and “dough” and “thought”.

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